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Science is truly amazing. And the best part about it is, when it comes to science, there's so much to learn! In fact, even the most sophisticated people in the business have only discovered the tip of the iceberg. Scientists and other professionals are still doing research to find out more about science and the world we live in.

If you're a fan of learning new facts and trivia, then this article is perfect for you. We've compiled a list of 10 totally amazing and interesting facts about science. Read on to learn some fascinating trivia:

  1. The word "science" has a deep meaning

The word science comes from "scientia," which is a Latin term. In Latin, this word means knowledge. It refers to the process of people gathering knowledge to be able to comprehend the reality of our world.

So if you've ever wondered how something in the world works, that's actually part of science. Also, there's a very high likelihood that someone had already wondered about that as well. That's why it's quite easy to search through different science databases to find the right answers.

  1. The Nobel Prize isn't for everybody

The Nobel Prize is typically given to scientists who make significant advancements in different fields of science. These fields are in chemistry, medicine, and physics. Most people become scientists because they are interested in learning more about a specific concept or field of science.

But, if a scientist wants to win the Nobel Prize, he/she really needs to make a dent in the field. The Nobel Prize is one which a lot of scientists hope to achieve. Some of the most famous scientists who have won this prize are Albert Einstein and Marie Curie.

  1. Science had undergone a transformation in the past few years

This transformation started in the middle of the 16th century. The transformation lasted all the way until the 18th century. That's quite a long time! During this time, science transformed in terms of how people looked at things.

People stopped accepting everything they had learned in the past and started learning things on their own. Prior to this time, people believed everything they heard and asked no questions. Imagine where we would be now if that's still how people's minds worked!

  1. There are a lot of women in science

In the past, women have not been recognized for their achievements. But what a lot of people don't know is that a lot of women have made great contributions in science. One excellent example of this is the famous Marie Curie. She won 2 different Nobel Prizes for discovering radioactivity.

Barbara McClintock was the very first person to propose the theory of jumping genes. This was a big advancement in genetics because back then, no one believed it to be possible. Finally, we also have Rosalind Franklin who x-rayed DNA back in the 1950s. She did this to try and understand it's structure before anyone else even knew what DNA looked like. Unfortunately, she wasn't given credit for what she did. Much like a lot of other women who made important breakthroughs in science.

  1. A lot of scientific discoveries were made by accident

One such example was with Alexander Fleming. He accidentally let mold get into some dishes of bacteria in his experiments. Because of this, he discovered that one of these molds stopped the bacteria from growing.  

He then used this knowledge to develop penicillin, which is one of the most common kinds of medicine now. This is just one example of an accidental scientific discovery, there are a lot more.

  1. There is such a thing called research ethics

This refers to what is considered to be "right" and "wrong" conduct in science. For instance, any scientific research which involves using animal and human test subjects are considered to be wrong research ethics.

In science, people are always trying to reach breakthroughs and advancements. However, they should do so in the right ways. This is where the ethics come in. Scientists and researchers have to make sure that they are not making any compromises just to achieve accomplishments.

  1. Science has a lot of different categories

There is a need for different categories because science is such a huge concept. For scientists to be able to discover all there is to learn in science, there was a need to break it down to these groups.

The physical sciences include astronomy, chemistry, physics, and so much more. The Earth sciences include geology, palaeontology, oceanography, and others. The life sciences include biology, zoology, botany, and such. There really are a lot of categories to choose from.

  1. The USA is considered as the most scientific country in the whole world

A study made in the year 2013 found out that this country is number one in terms of science. They have scientific authors, scientific patents, and they spend a lot of money for science too. The money they spend is no joke.

In 2013, the USA spent more than 400 billion dollars for scientific research and development. That amount was almost twice as much as what China spent, which came in number 2.

  1. There is also a variety of scientific theories

You may think that theory simply refers to guessing, but that's not true. In reality, a scientific theory aims to discover certain problems and questions about the world. People who create these theories work to learn why specific things in the world work the way they do.

Some great examples of scientific theories are the theory of gravity and the theory of evolution. The people who created these theories had based the results on concrete facts which can be observed. Another great thing about these theories is that they are open to modifications and additions. As long as these changes bring the theories closer to what they are trying to discover about the world.

  1. Science still has a long way to go

We've said it before and we'll say it again - science still has a long way to go. Right now, we already know a lot about science and all its different categories. There are still so many questions left unanswered and humans keep on trying to discover them. Science still has a long way to go which means so do we.

Here's a bonus fun fact for you!

Did you know? If you take a teaspoon of water, you'll find more atoms in it than there are teaspoons of water in the entire Atlantic ocean!